Extension and determinants for adoption of direct seeding mulch-based cropping systems in smallholder agriculture, Lao PDR

 acte de colloque | |     

Adoption of SVC by smallholders in Laos

Mots-clés : diffusion, petite agriculture familiale, scv

(paper) Institutional tools for the promotion of Conservation Agriculture in Lao PDR

 résumé de conférence | |     

The National Agroecology Programme (PRONAE) and the Southern Xayabury Application Point(PASS) of the Capitalization and Rural Development Support Programme (PCADR) have developed an approach in the provinces of Xayabury and Xieng Khouang that relies on direct-sowing mulch-based cropping systems (DMC). This approach has provided relevant alternatives to traditional agricultural practices which can no longer ensure the foundations of sustainable agriculture.In view of the results obtained, be they socio-economic or environmental, the Council of Ministers asked the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) to promote these techniques throughout the country, and called for this approach to be included in university and school courses. It is in that context that the Sector-based Agroecology Programme (PROSA), whose main aim is to define and implement a national strategy for the dissemination of Conservation Agriculture based on agroecological techniques (DMC), operates.This strategy is based on implementing an Agroecology Action Plan relying on the necessary incorporation ofnatural capital in rural development policies. The plan involves programming activities, setting in place decision-making and operational processes and bringing into play financial, material and human resourceson both a central and local level (province, district and sub-district). The finest level of intervention comprisesgroups of farmers linked to service centres set up by the government within the districts (Kum Ban Pattana). On each level, the agroecology action plan is to arise from an integrated and concerted approach, in which each category of rural development stakeholders is committed to a process in which their needs and skills are acknowledged by all. Likewise, on each level, it is necessary to define, in a concerted manner, the initiatives that have to be taken (diagnosis, planning, implementation, monitoring-appraisal), the tools required (training of the different stakeholders, organization and structuring of the State sector and of the private sector, contractualization between stakeholders) and the fields of involvement (extension, local development funding arrangements, management of natural resources, equipment management, organization of supplyand marketing chains, etc.). Each of the two pilot provinces, Xayabury and Xieng Khouang, is in the process of defining its Provincial Action Plan in Agroecology. An initial diagnosis of farming systems and their environmental impacts, along with the needs and contributions of each category of stakeholders, has been completed. The provinces then gave priority to defining decision-making and operational processes, and setting in place financial arrangements for the Provincial Action Plans. Initially, two funding tools are under consideration: constitution of a development fund, and agricultural credit. On a central level, the decision-making and operational processes are directly attached to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, notably via the Planning Department. The creation of a Research and ServiceProvider Centre in support of local and national development is envisaged. Likewise, on a central level, it is a matter of facilitating the implementation of training plans for the different stakeholders. Lastly, the inclusionof agroecology in university and school courses is under way. Also for the educational sector, it is necessary to define a training plan to strengthen the skills and abilities of teachers. The creation of a national, or even regional network associating agricultural faculties and agricultural schools would enable an economy of scale by more effectively taking advantage of complementarities and decentralization to a more functional local level.

Mots-clés : Agriculture de conservation, formation, diffusion, méthodologie, petite agriculture familiale, politique publique

(poster) Improving smallholder's income generation by the integration of DMC by-products into pig raising activities

 poster | |     

The results of these trials show that using pigeon pea for pig feed had positive impact on the Average Daily Growth (ADG) rate. The ADG obtained after 150 days with Groups 2 (523 g/days) and 3 (529 g/days) were significantly higher (P

Mots-clés : Agriculture de conservation, pâturage, mulch, Intégration agriculture élevage

Institutional tools for the promotion of conservation agriculture in Lao PDR

 acte de colloque | |     

The National Agroecology Programme (PRONAE) and the Southern Xayabury Application Point (PASS) of the Capitalization and Rural Development Support Programme (PCADR) have developed an approach in the provinces of Xayabury and Xieng Khouang that relies on direct sowing mulch-based cropping systems (DMC). This approach has provided relevant alternatives to traditional agricultural practices which can no longer ensure the foundations of sustainable agriculture.

Mots-clés : Agriculture de conservation, diffusion, petite agriculture familiale, scv, Socio-économie, politique publique

Adoption of Conservation Agriculture in Laos - A case study in the Mekong corridor

 présentation PPT | |     

Case study in the Mekong Corridor

Mots-clés : maïs, Agriculture de conservation, diffusion, TCS - Techniques culturales simplifiées, petite agriculture familiale, scv

(poster) Adoption of conservation agriculture in Laos

 poster | |     

The results of these surveys show that there are currently more than 1,200 smallholders using DMC systems on a total of about 1,500 ha of cultivated land. Overall, the rates and levels of DMC systems’ adoption by smallholders appear more important in areas where the environment is the most degraded and/or particularly fragile (case of Nongphakbong village, Botene district). In contrast, in less environmentally-degraded and less fragile areas, the level of DMC systems’ adoption is still rather limited. With more productive soils, mechanized mono-cropping can still provide high profits and, as such, retain the interest of a majority of farmers (case of Bouamlao village, Paklay district)

Mots-clés : écosystèmes cultivés, diffusion, méthodologie, petite agriculture familiale, scv

(diaporama) Institutional tools for the promotion of conservation agriculture

 présentation PPT | |     

To ensure a sustainable strategy of development of the agroecology in Laos, it is necessary: • To precede in a integrative and participatory way since, only the direct and volunteer involvement of each actor will make it possible to make sure that the objectives and the means mobilized to achieve these goals are well shared and accepted by each one, • To approach jointly and in close interaction with the technical aspects all the socio-economic favorable conditions for the appropriation, the diffusion and sustainability of dynamic in progress

Mots-clés : formation, recherche-action, érosion, diffusion, méthodologie, petite agriculture familiale, politique publique

Improving smallholder income generation by integrating DMC by-products into pig raising activities.

 acte de colloque | |     

Development of cereal/legumes association in DMC system with smallholder farmers needs to provide direct economic benefits in addition to soil fertility improvement and weed control. Thus, no till maize associated with pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) has been promoted in Sayaboury province of Lao PDR in order to improve the conventional maize monocropping system,provide farmers with additional raw material for pig raising and reduce local dependence on imported soybean meal.

Mots-clés : Agriculture de conservation, scv

A farmer-group based approach linking research and development for the promotion of Conservation Agricultural in the Lao PDR.

 acte de colloque | |     

A holistic approach, based on a permanent link between research and development, has been implemented by the Lao National Agro-Ecology Programme (PRONAE – PCADR,NAFRI), the Rural Development Project of the four southern districts of Xayabury province (PASS – PCADR, LCG), and the Sector-based Programme on Agroecology (PROSA, MAF), in partnership with the department of agriculture and forestry of Xayabury and Xieng Khouang provinces.

Mots-clés : Agriculture de conservation, diffusion, petite agriculture familiale, scv

Improving smallholder's income generation by the integration of DMC by-products into pig raising activities

 présentation PPT | |     

Integration of DMC and pig raising for smallholders in Laos

Mots-clés : Riz, Légumineuses, diffusion, petite agriculture familiale, scv, Intégration agriculture élevage
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