(poster) Direct seeding Mulch based Cropping (DMC) in Lao PDR (2)

 poster | |     

Methodology of DMC. A Holistic Approach to Generate, Adapt, Validate andDisseminate Technologies with Smallholders

Mots-clés : recherche-action, morphopédologie, diffusion, méthodologie, petite agriculture familiale, gestion du sol, scv, Intégration agriculture élevage

(diaporama) Institutional tools for the promotion of conservation agriculture

 présentation PPT | |     

To ensure a sustainable strategy of development of the agroecology in Laos, it is necessary: • To precede in a integrative and participatory way since, only the direct and volunteer involvement of each actor will make it possible to make sure that the objectives and the means mobilized to achieve these goals are well shared and accepted by each one, • To approach jointly and in close interaction with the technical aspects all the socio-economic favorable conditions for the appropriation, the diffusion and sustainability of dynamic in progress

Mots-clés : formation, recherche-action, érosion, diffusion, méthodologie, petite agriculture familiale, politique publique

(paper) Institutional tools for the promotion of Conservation Agriculture in Lao PDR

 résumé de conférence | |     

The National Agroecology Programme (PRONAE) and the Southern Xayabury Application Point(PASS) of the Capitalization and Rural Development Support Programme (PCADR) have developed an approach in the provinces of Xayabury and Xieng Khouang that relies on direct-sowing mulch-based cropping systems (DMC). This approach has provided relevant alternatives to traditional agricultural practices which can no longer ensure the foundations of sustainable agriculture.In view of the results obtained, be they socio-economic or environmental, the Council of Ministers asked the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) to promote these techniques throughout the country, and called for this approach to be included in university and school courses. It is in that context that the Sector-based Agroecology Programme (PROSA), whose main aim is to define and implement a national strategy for the dissemination of Conservation Agriculture based on agroecological techniques (DMC), operates.This strategy is based on implementing an Agroecology Action Plan relying on the necessary incorporation ofnatural capital in rural development policies. The plan involves programming activities, setting in place decision-making and operational processes and bringing into play financial, material and human resourceson both a central and local level (province, district and sub-district). The finest level of intervention comprisesgroups of farmers linked to service centres set up by the government within the districts (Kum Ban Pattana). On each level, the agroecology action plan is to arise from an integrated and concerted approach, in which each category of rural development stakeholders is committed to a process in which their needs and skills are acknowledged by all. Likewise, on each level, it is necessary to define, in a concerted manner, the initiatives that have to be taken (diagnosis, planning, implementation, monitoring-appraisal), the tools required (training of the different stakeholders, organization and structuring of the State sector and of the private sector, contractualization between stakeholders) and the fields of involvement (extension, local development funding arrangements, management of natural resources, equipment management, organization of supplyand marketing chains, etc.). Each of the two pilot provinces, Xayabury and Xieng Khouang, is in the process of defining its Provincial Action Plan in Agroecology. An initial diagnosis of farming systems and their environmental impacts, along with the needs and contributions of each category of stakeholders, has been completed. The provinces then gave priority to defining decision-making and operational processes, and setting in place financial arrangements for the Provincial Action Plans. Initially, two funding tools are under consideration: constitution of a development fund, and agricultural credit. On a central level, the decision-making and operational processes are directly attached to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, notably via the Planning Department. The creation of a Research and ServiceProvider Centre in support of local and national development is envisaged. Likewise, on a central level, it is a matter of facilitating the implementation of training plans for the different stakeholders. Lastly, the inclusionof agroecology in university and school courses is under way. Also for the educational sector, it is necessary to define a training plan to strengthen the skills and abilities of teachers. The creation of a national, or even regional network associating agricultural faculties and agricultural schools would enable an economy of scale by more effectively taking advantage of complementarities and decentralization to a more functional local level.

Mots-clés : Agriculture de conservation, formation, diffusion, méthodologie, petite agriculture familiale, politique publique

(poster) Direct seeding Mulch based Cropping systems (DMC) in Lao PDR

 poster | |     

A sector-based program in agroecology for a national extension of DMC According to the results obtained by the Lao National Agroecology Program (PRONAE), the Council of Ministers asked, on the one hand, to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF) to promote DMC technologies to the whole of Lao PDR and, on the other hand, that this approach is registered in he university and school courses. The national authorities required from Cirad and AFD a support for the implementation of a sector based program in agroecology

Mots-clés : Agriculture de conservation, formation, diffusion, petite agriculture familiale, scv, politique publique