The objective of the CIRAD consultancy implemented under AGROPOLIS, YAAS and Cirad financial support was, in this respect, to provide a first assesment (*) in the field of DMC agronomy with the purpose at designing a France - China initiative in agroecology able to be implemented in a project in Yunnan Province, combined with a applied research component with Jiao Tong University of Shanghai. Main issues of agriculture in Shanghaï Province and Chongming island (emphasis on soil salinity risk) and in Yunnan Province (emphasising on environmental problems and rural poverty alleviation). 1.What about land –water degradation situation and possibilities for mitigation. 2.Agro-ecology in China (what are the experience in the field) and in Yunnan (if any) 3.Organisation of agronomic research and extension in Yunnan 4.Perspective of scientific research applied to DMC taking in account existing and desirable collaboration between Yaas, Jiao Tong Universities and Cirad.