(poster) Cattle fattening opportunities on the upper part of the Nam Ngum Basin Xieng Khouang - Laos

 poster | |     

This cattle breed used seems well adapted for fattening and showed a strong response to improved fodder. However, this bull fattening activity presented two major constraints.First, it seems difficult for smallholders to carry out this kind of livestock production without technical support and use of fertiliser (thermophosphate). The second limiting factor could be that the system was first perceived as requiring an initial cash investment.Development of specific market channels for forage seed production could indirectly improve pasture management, avoid high stocking rates and generate new income that could be invested in fertiliser and animal care. A global approach involving credit access, technical and political support has to be defined to develop productive and efficient livestock production on this ecology. This poses a great challenge which, if grasped, could yield great benefits on the upper part of the Nam Ngum river basin.

Mots-clés : Les Hautes Terres , brachiaria, Intégration agriculture élevage

Impact of Urban Development and Market Access on Farming Systems Evolution in Xieng Khouang Province, Lao PDR

 ouvrage de vulgarisation | |     

In the highlands, lowland paddy rice remains the prevailing cropping system but livestock activities produce 80-90% of the generated income. In the warm valleys, lowland paddy rice also prevails but cash crops are becoming increasingly significant in terms of both generated income and dedicated labour force. More diverse cropping systems are present in the uplands and sloping areas, but in all cases the importance of the rice crop in achieving household food security is decreasing.

Mots-clés : Riz, Les Hautes Terres , écosystèmes cultivés, systèmes agroforestiers, petite agriculture familiale, Socio-économie, Intégration agriculture élevage

Cattle Fattening Opportunities on the Upper Part of the Nam Ngum River Basin, Xieng Khouang Province, Laos

 poster | |     

Since 2004, a large range of forage species tolerant to drought, aluminium saturation and soil acidity, have been used to regenerate savannah grasslands and to diversify farming production. Specific trials have been carried-out to evaluate adaptability and the seed production of various forage species. The present study seeks to evaluate the agronomic and economic components of cattle fattening using improved forage species (Brachiaria ruziziensis) and thermophosphate inputs.

Mots-clés : pâturage, gestion du sol, fertilité, Socio-économie, Intégration agriculture élevage